The Strategies To Promote Critical Thinking in Learners

  • Shailja Gupta Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Sector 16A, Dwarka, New delhi
  • Imran Ahmad Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
Keywords: Critical Thinking, Cognitive Skills, Student Engagement, Self- Directed Learning


Critical thinking is the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking. It means making reasoned judgements that are logical and well thought – out. Critical thinking includes both cognitive skills and dispositions, in terms of attitudes or habits of mind. The ability to think critically is an essential life skill, though; this focal point is missed in many students’ education. Students are taught memorization with little or no time left for the development of critical thinking skills. Empirical research suggests that people begin developing critical thinking at very young age and all people can be taught to think critically. The present paper will explain the three main strategies i.e. cooperative learning, discussion and mind movies needed to promote critical thinking among learners that can improve their academic performance as well as helping them to develop the skills necessary to compete economically in a global environment. The finding of this research suggests that (1) critical thinking has a positive effect on student and teacher engagement within the classroom. (2) It has a positive impact on student achievement and students’ higher order thinking skills. (3) Critical thinking will also lead to self- directed learning and self- motivation for learners.